Program Information — Series 1 & 2
Click on a program in the right-hand column to see a description and program notes.

Songs and Calls

While these terms are often used synonymously, songs and calls serve different purposes. Songs are generally, longer, more melodic, and used mostly by males in a reproductive context. Calls are usually shorter, made by both sexes, and used in a variety of contexts. The American robin's calls sound nothing like its deedli-um deedle-dee song.

American robin calls are nicely presented on the CD collection Western Birding by Ear produced for the Peterson Field Guide series. The American robin's song I use, as well as the nice examples of the mountain chickadee's song and call, are from the CD collection Bird Songs of California produced by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.

Series 1
Vocal Range
Importance of Song
Avoiding Monotony
Learning Song
Hip Hop Mimicry
Hummingbird Complexity
Syrinx Anatomy
Internal Duets (Cardinal)
Internal Duets (Cowbird)
Internal Duets (Thrushes)
Syrinx & Pan Pipes

Series 2
Songs & Calls
Call Repertoires
Alarm Calls
Mobbing Calls
Call Notes
Cross-Species Alarms
Lungs & Air Sacs
Circular Breathing