Program Information — Series 1 & 2
Click on a program in the right-hand column to see a description and program notes.

European Starling - Hip Hop Mimic

The European starling has spread across the U.S. since its introduction. Its mimicry is frenetic and inventive.

This amazing song of a single European starling can be found on the CD collection Bird Songs of California produced by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The notes that accompanied the recording were helpful in recognizing the mimicry. The snippets of the calls of the sora and red-tailed hawk can be found in the same collection.

Series 1
Vocal Range
Importance of Song
Avoiding Monotony
Learning Song
Hip Hop Mimicry
Hummingbird Complexity
Syrinx Anatomy
Internal Duets (Cardinal)
Internal Duets (Cowbird)
Internal Duets (Thrushes)
Syrinx & Pan Pipes

Series 2
Songs & Calls
Call Repertoires
Alarm Calls
Mobbing Calls
Call Notes
Cross-Species Alarms
Lungs & Air Sacs
Circular Breathing